Russell Terriers are the original old English Jack Russell Terrier. Commonly used in the Irish and the northern English fox hunts, the Russell Terrier smaller in stature in comparison to the Parson Russell's Fox Terrier favored in the south of England. The term "Jack Russell" has been universally applied to all types of mostly white working terrier that share a similar origin in the hunt fields of England.
In fact, the long legged Parson Russell Terrier is a separate breed derived from the old working Fox Terrier, a much Sturdier variety of Fox Terrier than the modern day show type Fox Terrier. Parson Russell's are between 12 and 15 inches tall and appear approximately square with the height at withers slightly greater than the distance from the withers to tail. The American Kennel Club (AKC) now recognizes this breed and you may have seen a kennel club version of this type of terrier in the show ring.
The Russell Terrier or old true Jack Russell is short legged and sturdy dog between 10 and 12 inches. Russell Terriers have back longer than the lengths of their legs giving them a more rectangular shape in comparison to the Parson Russell. Russell Terriers were part of the family and earned their living on farms bolting all types of vermin. A dog that was aggressive towards anything but legitimate quarry could be of no use around a farm where children and livestock lived.
To further confuse matters the JRTCA and the JRTCGB, which were founded in the early 1970s, use a height standard of 10 to 15 inches. These clubs initially registered both the rectangular Russell Terrier and the square longer legged Jack Russell Terrier and called all of them Jack Russell Terriers. Today's JRTCA Jack Russell Terrier is a squarer dog in body and leg length than a Russell Terrier. Although some JRTCA Jack Russell Terriers may be the same in height as a Russell Terrier, their back length to height proportion is clearly different than the slightly longer backed, shorter legged Russell Terrier. The Russell Terrier and the JRTCA Jack Russell Terrier are two distinct breeds.
In an attempt to avoid confusion, the Russell Terrier changed its name from Jack Russell when it was recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 2001, in 2003 the American Rare Breed Association (ARBA) accepted the same name for the Breed. The Russell Terrier was recorded in FSS American Kennel Club in 2005. Russell Terrier with their wonderful temperament, cute appearance, and loyal nature make wonderful family dogs and are very special. True Russell Terriers are rare. The Star Valley is committed to preserve and improving these old true Russell Terrier lines. AKC does not recognize the breed Jack Russell.
Prince Charles and his Russell's